US will 'vigorously defend' against Iran court challenge: Pompeo

Airlines scrap Iran flights in a dramatic about-face

It said the sanctions would cause it "irreparable prejudice" are in breach of the 1955 Treaty of Amity and Economic Relations between Iran and the United States.

Iran demanded in The Hague that the top United Nations court suspend the unilateral USA sanctions, which were slapped back on three weeks ago following the U.S. withdrawal from a landmark 2015 nuclear accord with Tehran.

They also said the reasons cited by President Trump for reimposing the sanctions were unfounded because the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) had repeatedly confirmed that Iran was complying with the terms of the nuclear deal.

Don't miss out on the latest news and information. A decision on the urgent request for a suspension is likely to take weeks.

The boom that gained momentum following the implementation of JCPOA in 2016 died down after Washington withdrew from the nuclear deal in May, and numerous Western tours to Iran were canceled.

The ICJ president Abdulqawi Yusuf heads a 15-judge panel hearing Iran's case.

Mr Trump, who took office previous year, called it a "horrible one-sided deal" that "failed to achieve the fundamental objective of blocking all paths to a Iranian nuclear bomb".

The ICJ is the United Nations tribunal for resolving global disputes.

After years of diplomacy, the 2015 deal was signed by Iran and the five permanent members of the UN Security Council plus Germany.

U.S. lawyers are expected to argue that the United Nations court should not have jurisdiction in the dispute, that the friendship treaty is no longer valid and that the sanctions Washington has levied against Tehran do not violate it anyway.

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Even though all of the other parties pleaded with him not to abandon the pact, Trump pulled out and announced he would reinstate sanctions.

He said sanctions are already having damaging effects on Iran's economy and society and threaten to further destabilize the volatile Mideast.

Iran's currency the rial has lost around half its value since April.

Major EU companies, including France's Total, Peugeot, and Renault, and Germany's Siemens and Daimler, have suspended operations in Iran following the introduction of sanctions.

At the time, British Airways Head of Network and Fleet Sean Doyle touted the new flights as a result of the aforementioned agreement and resulting lifting of sanctions.

Air France and British Airways announced last week that they would halt flights to Tehran next month, saying they were not commercially viable.

The US has vowed to "vigorously defend" itself against Iran's "baseless" lawsuit.

The United States' lawyers will present their arguments on Tuesday. Experts expect the United States to challenge the ICJ's jurisdiction.

USA lawyers will reportedly claim that the friendship treaty signed before the Islamic Revolution in 1979 is no longer valid and that the sanctions Washington has levied against Tehran, do not violate it anyway.

The ICJ is the United Nations tribunal for resolving global disputes. Its rulings are binding but on rare occasions they have been ignored by certain countries, chiefly the United States.

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